Prophetic Fulfillment of the Biblical Feasts


The Old Testament is full of signs that point to the arrival of Jesus the Messiah or (in
Hebrew) Yeshua HaMashiach. Some of them are obvious, such as the well-known prophecies
from Isaiah that we read every Christmas. But did you know that the seven holy days
of Israel contain prophetic significance in regards to the first and second coming of
Jesus? Let’s take a closer look. Leviticus 23:4 says, “These are the appointed
times of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed
for them.” The rest of the chapter goes on to describe
seven annual feasts when God’s people were to worship, repent, celebrate, and reflect
on His provision. Observant Jews still celebrate these appointed times today. So why is it important to study the feasts
of Israel today? In Colossians 2, verses 16 and 17, Paul says that these feasts “are
a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ.”
Paul is making the point that these Biblical feasts are directly linked to the Messiah,
and to me that makes them worth studying, even though we are not under the Law today. The feasts can be grouped into two categories:
the Spring Holy Days and the Autumn Holy Days. The Springs Feasts include: Passover, Unleavened
Bread, First Fruits, and Pentecost The Autumn Feasts include: the Feast of Trumpets,
the Day of Atonement, and Tabernacles You may have heard these feasts called by
other names, which we’ll mention later on. What do these feasts foreshadow?
Well, this is where things get interesting. The four spring feasts were all specifically
fulfilled in the crucifixion, resurrection, and the outpouring of the Holy
Spirit that we read about in the Gospels and the book of Acts. But it wasn’t enough for
God to merely fulfill the prophetic meaning of each feast; He orchestrated events so that
each one was fulfilled on the exact day of the feast! God’s Word is incredibly precise
and accurate. Let’s look at the spring feasts one by one:
Passover (also called Pesach) begins at dusk on the 14th of Nisan and it commemorates the
deliverance of the Children of Israel from slavery in Egypt. 1 Corinthians 5:7 says,
“For Christ our Passover also has been sacrificed.” This holy day pointed to the coming Passover
Lamb, the Messiah, who came to shed His blood for our sins. The Feast of Unleavened Bread, immediately
following Passover, required that the Jews eat unleavened bread for seven days. In the Bible,
yeast, or leaven, is a symbol for sin, and Jesus is pictured as the Bread of Life
that has no sin, or “leaven”. The Feast of First Fruits was the day after
the Sabbath following the Passover. It was a time to dedicate the very earliest part
of the harvest to the Lord. Pentecost (also known as the Feast of Weeks
or Shavuot) happened 50 days later. For Israel this was a celebration of the first full harvest
of the year and it also commemorated the first giving of the Law on Mount Sinai. Now let’s look at the fulfillment of these
four Spring Holy Days and how God ordained them to perfectly align with Christ’s first
coming. Christ was crucified at the same time that
the Passover lambs were being sacrificed. That evening, Christ (a sinless offering) was buried while the Feast of Unleavened Bread commenced. Then, Christ rose from the grave as the
First Fruits of the Resurrection. In 1 Corinthians 15, Paul says, “But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep.” Fifty days later, on Pentecost, the Holy
Spirit was poured out on the New Church gathered in Jerusalem. Remember what this feast celebrated?
The harvest. How fitting that it initiated the harvest of souls in the Church Age.
Also, the Holy Spirit of the New Covenant came on the same day as Moses had received
the Law of the Old Covenant. Just another sign that our God is a God of order and precision! After the spring feasts there is a period
of three months before the fall feasts. This interval corresponds to the Church Age, which
we are still in. Now let’s look at the autumn feasts: The Feast of Trumpets starts the Jewish new
year (Rosh HaShanah) on their civil calendar. On the Biblical calendar, this started the
seventh month (Tishri), when the priest would blow the shofar, the ram’s horn trumpet,
to declare a day of rest and worship. Traditionally this begins a time of introspection and repentance, preparing for the new year and the upcoming Day of Atonement. The Day of Atonement (also known as Yom Kippur
or the Highest of Holy Days) occurs nine days later, on the 10th of Tishri. This was the
only day of the year that the High Priest entered the Holy of Holies. This day dealt
with the sin of the nation, making atonement. Many of the feast days are days of rest, worship,
and celebration. This feast is one of mourning and getting right with God. The Feast of Tabernacles (also known as Sukkot
or the Feast of Booths) starts on the 15th of Tishri and lasts 7 days. It was a time of
worship and festivities, during which the people lived in temporary booths, or tents,
that they made out of branches. God said this was “…so that your generations may know
that I had the sons of Israel live in booths when I brought them out from the land of Egypt.”
This week-long feast also symbolizes the time of God dwelling with His people. These three Autumn Feasts do not have a clear
and specific prophetic fulfillment anywhere in history, however they strongly correspond to the events
of Jesus’ second coming. The Feast of Trumpets has often been seen
as a foreshadowing of the Rapture. The Bible frequently mentions the sounding of the trumpets
in descriptions of the Rapture. Also, the Rapture will be a time when the workers are
called home from the harvest to a celebration. It’s interesting to note that because the
first day of the month was determined by the first appearance of the new moon, no one knew
exactly what day the Feast of Trumpets would take place until it happened. Does that sound
familiar? The Day of Atonement foreshadows the second coming of Christ and Israel getting right with their Messiah. Zechariah 12 and Romans 11 prophesy that Israel will recognize their rejection of the Messiah and come to faith in Him. Moreover, the theme of judgment corresponds to Jesus’ judgment of the nations upon His return. Just as the Feast of Tabernacles follows the
Day of Atonement, Jesus’ judgment of the nations will be followed by an extended time
of celebration in which He dwells with us here on earth. This time is known as the Millennial
Kingdom. Zechariah prophesied that during this time period, the entire world will celebrate
the Feast of Tabernacles (or Booths). Zechariah 14:16 says, “Then it will come about that
any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem will go up from year to
year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths.” Taken collectively these seven feasts of Israel present a picture of God’s ultimate plan
of redemption. It stands to reason that since Christ fulfilled the spring feasts literally and
precisely, that He will do the same for His second coming during the autumn Holy Days,
which have yet to be fulfilled. So how does this help us to live strategically?
It’s one more reminder that God has a plan to finish what He started. And, although we
cannot and should not set dates, the autumn feasts may provide valuable confirmation of
end times events once they actually happen. The autumn feasts are signposts for the end
times, and when God leaves a sign it is wise to pay attention! The distinction between the spring feasts
and the autumn feasts also highlights the contrast between the first coming and the
second coming. Jesus came first as a sacrifice, but next time He’ll come as a King! First
as a Lamb, next time as a Lion. Also, the feasts of Israel are just a small
part of the Jewish culture and history that can yield extraordinary insights to the serious
Bible student. I encourage you to spend some time digging deeper into the Jewish roots
of our Christian faith.

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