Migrants Fled Guatemala For U.S. After Drought And Food Shortages, Govt. Report Finds | Nightly News


TONIGHT THE MALL BACK IN BUSINESS AFTER A TERRIFYING AFTERNOON. IN BUSINESS AFTER A TERRIFYING AFTERNOON. BLAYNE ALEXANDER, NBC TERRIFYING AFTERNOON. BLAYNE ALEXANDER, NBC NEWS. BLAYNE ALEXANDER, NBC NEWS.>>>AND NOW TO AN NBC NEWS.>>>AND NOW TO AN NBC NEWS EXCLUSIVE.>>>AND NOW TO AN NBC NEWS EXCLUSIVE. AN INTERNAL REPORT BY NEWS EXCLUSIVE. AN INTERNAL REPORT BY THE CUSTOMS AND BORDER AN INTERNAL REPORT BY THE CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION AGENCY ON THE CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION AGENCY ON WHAT EXACTLY IS PROTECTION AGENCY ON WHAT EXACTLY IS CAUSING THE MASS WHAT EXACTLY IS CAUSING THE MASS MIGRATION FROM CENTRAL CAUSING THE MASS MIGRATION FROM CENTRAL AMERICA TO THE UNITED MIGRATION FROM CENTRAL AMERICA TO THE UNITED STATES. AMERICA TO THE UNITED STATES. THEIR ANSWER INVOLVES STATES. THEIR ANSWER INVOLVES THE WEATHER AND ITS THEIR ANSWER INVOLVES THE WEATHER AND ITS EFFECTS ON CROPS THE WEATHER AND ITS EFFECTS ON CROPS THERE. EFFECTS ON CROPS THERE. NBC’S JACOB SOBOROFF THERE. NBC’S JACOB SOBOROFF WENT TO GUATEMALA TO NBC’S JACOB SOBOROFF WENT TO GUATEMALA TO INVESTIGATE. WENT TO GUATEMALA TO INVESTIGATE.>>Reporter: THE ROOTS INVESTIGATE.>>Reporter: THE ROOTS OF GUATEMALA’S>>Reporter: THE ROOTS OF GUATEMALA’S MIGRATION CRISIS ARE OF GUATEMALA’S MIGRATION CRISIS ARE HERE IN THEIR ONCE MIGRATION CRISIS ARE HERE IN THEIR ONCE FERTILE FARMLANDS, NOW HERE IN THEIR ONCE FERTILE FARMLANDS, NOW DRIED OUT. FERTILE FARMLANDS, NOW DRIED OUT. MANY WHO HAVE LEFT DRIED OUT. MANY WHO HAVE LEFT WERE IN THE COFFEE MANY WHO HAVE LEFT WERE IN THE COFFEE BUSINESS LIKE THIS WERE IN THE COFFEE BUSINESS LIKE THIS FARMER. BUSINESS LIKE THIS FARMER. HE SAYS HE’S BARELY FARMER. HE SAYS HE’S BARELY SURVIVING BY SELLING HE SAYS HE’S BARELY SURVIVING BY SELLING BANANAS INSTEAD. SURVIVING BY SELLING BANANAS INSTEAD. YOU KNOW AT LEAST 100 BANANAS INSTEAD. YOU KNOW AT LEAST 100 PEOPLE THAT LEFT FOR YOU KNOW AT LEAST 100 PEOPLE THAT LEFT FOR THE UNITED STATES? PEOPLE THAT LEFT FOR THE UNITED STATES?>>Translator: NO LESS THE UNITED STATES?>>Translator: NO LESS THAN 100 PEOPLE.>>Translator: NO LESS THAN 100 PEOPLE.>>Reporter: THEY’VE THAN 100 PEOPLE.>>Reporter: THEY’VE BEEN HARD HIT BY>>Reporter: THEY’VE BEEN HARD HIT BY DROUGHT AND A BEEN HARD HIT BY DROUGHT AND A PLANT-KILLING FUNGUS DROUGHT AND A PLANT-KILLING FUNGUS FUELED BY CLIMATE PLANT-KILLING FUNGUS FUELED BY CLIMATE CHANGE. FUELED BY CLIMATE CHANGE. CHIQUIMULA THIS CHANGE. CHIQUIMULA THIS VILLAGE LEADER TOOK TO CHIQUIMULA THIS VILLAGE LEADER TOOK TO US I ACOFFEE FARM. VILLAGE LEADER TOOK TO US I ACOFFEE FARM.>>Translator: THIS IS US I ACOFFEE FARM.>>Translator: THIS IS THE FUNGUS.>>Translator: THIS IS THE FUNGUS. IT IS THE CONSEQUENCE THE FUNGUS. IT IS THE CONSEQUENCE OF DROUGHT IN IT IS THE CONSEQUENCE OF DROUGHT IN GUATEMALA. OF DROUGHT IN GUATEMALA. BEFORE THERE WERE GUATEMALA. BEFORE THERE WERE REALLY GOOD-PAYING BEFORE THERE WERE REALLY GOOD-PAYING JOBS. REALLY GOOD-PAYING JOBS.>>Reporter: HIS JOBS.>>Reporter: HIS COFFEE PLANTS>>Reporter: HIS COFFEE PLANTS PREVIOUSLY AS GOOD AS COFFEE PLANTS PREVIOUSLY AS GOOD AS CASH, NOW WORTHLESS. PREVIOUSLY AS GOOD AS CASH, NOW WORTHLESS. THIS IS ELIZABETH. CASH, NOW WORTHLESS. THIS IS ELIZABETH. WE’VE MADE IT TO HER THIS IS ELIZABETH. WE’VE MADE IT TO HER FARM AND SHE’S SHOWING WE’VE MADE IT TO HER FARM AND SHE’S SHOWING US WHAT SHE GROWS FARM AND SHE’S SHOWING US WHAT SHE GROWS HERE. US WHAT SHE GROWS HERE. OR I GUESS MORE HERE. OR I GUESS MORE ACCURATELY WHAT’S NOT OR I GUESS MORE ACCURATELY WHAT’S NOT GROWING HERE ANYMORE. ACCURATELY WHAT’S NOT GROWING HERE ANYMORE.>>Reporter: IN ZACAPA GROWING HERE ANYMORE.>>Reporter: IN ZACAPA A SIMILAR STORY.>>Reporter: IN ZACAPA A SIMILAR STORY.>>MAIZ? A SIMILAR STORY.>>MAIZ? ?>>MAIZ? ? SI. ? SI. MAIZ. SI. MAIZ.>>THIS IS CORN. MAIZ.>>THIS IS CORN. AND I WOULD SAY THIS>>THIS IS CORN. AND I WOULD SAY THIS CORN IS DEAD. AND I WOULD SAY THIS CORN IS DEAD.>>Reporter: PRESIDENT CORN IS DEAD.>>Reporter: PRESIDENT TRUMP HAS CUT FOREIGN>>Reporter: PRESIDENT TRUMP HAS CUT FOREIGN AID TO GUATEMALA TRUMP HAS CUT FOREIGN AID TO GUATEMALA INCLUDING TO AID TO GUATEMALA INCLUDING TO U.S.A.I.D. FOR RURAL INCLUDING TO U.S.A.I.D. FOR RURAL FARMERS. U.S.A.I.D. FOR RURAL FARMERS. DEMANDING THE COUNTRY FARMERS. DEMANDING THE COUNTRY DO MORE TO STEM THE DEMANDING THE COUNTRY DO MORE TO STEM THE MIGRATION TO THE U.S. DO MORE TO STEM THE MIGRATION TO THE U.S. THIS DESPITE AN MIGRATION TO THE U.S. THIS DESPITE AN INTERNAL REPORT THIS DESPITE AN INTERNAL REPORT OBTAINED BY NBC NEWS INTERNAL REPORT OBTAINED BY NBC NEWS BY HIS OWN CUSTOMS AND OBTAINED BY NBC NEWS BY HIS OWN CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION THAT BY HIS OWN CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION THAT STATES THE BORDER PROTECTION THAT STATES THE OVERWHELMING FACTOR STATES THE OVERWHELMING FACTOR DRIVING THIS OVERWHELMING FACTOR DRIVING THIS RECORD-SETTING DRIVING THIS RECORD-SETTING MIGRATION IS CROP RECORD-SETTING MIGRATION IS CROP SHORTAGES, LEAVING ITS MIGRATION IS CROP SHORTAGES, LEAVING ITS PEOPLE IN EXTREME SHORTAGES, LEAVING ITS PEOPLE IN EXTREME POVERTY AND STARVING. PEOPLE IN EXTREME POVERTY AND STARVING. BACK IN CHIQUIMULA THE POVERTY AND STARVING. BACK IN CHIQUIMULA THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAM, BACK IN CHIQUIMULA THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAM, WHICH DOESN’T RELY ON WORLD FOOD PROGRAM, WHICH DOESN’T RELY ON U.S. FUNDS, BROUGHT TO WHICH DOESN’T RELY ON U.S. FUNDS, BROUGHT TO US THIS SCHOOL BECAUSE U.S. FUNDS, BROUGHT TO US THIS SCHOOL BECAUSE LAST YEAR FIVE KIDS IN US THIS SCHOOL BECAUSE LAST YEAR FIVE KIDS IN THE VILLAGE DIED OF LAST YEAR FIVE KIDS IN THE VILLAGE DIED OF STARVATION BROUGHT ON THE VILLAGE DIED OF STARVATION BROUGHT ON BY CLIMATE-INDUCED STARVATION BROUGHT ON BY CLIMATE-INDUCED CROP FAILURE. BY CLIMATE-INDUCED CROP FAILURE. MANY OF THEIR PARENTS CROP FAILURE. MANY OF THEIR PARENTS HAVE LEFT FOR THE MANY OF THEIR PARENTS HAVE LEFT FOR THE UNITED STATES FOR HAVE LEFT FOR THE UNITED STATES FOR HELP. UNITED STATES FOR HELP. NOW IN AN EMERGENCY HELP. NOW IN AN EMERGENCY RESPONSE THE NGO IS NOW IN AN EMERGENCY RESPONSE THE NGO IS FEEDING THE KIDS HERE. RESPONSE THE NGO IS FEEDING THE KIDS HERE. EVERY ONE OF THESE FEEDING THE KIDS HERE. EVERY ONE OF THESE KIDS IS RAISING THEIR EVERY ONE OF THESE KIDS IS RAISING THEIR HAND RIGHT NOW, KNOWS KIDS IS RAISING THEIR HAND RIGHT NOW, KNOWS SOMEBODY WHO’S LEFT TO HAND RIGHT NOW, KNOWS SOMEBODY WHO’S LEFT TO GO TO THE UNITED SOMEBODY WHO’S LEFT TO GO TO THE UNITED STATES BECAUSE THEY GO TO THE UNITED STATES BECAUSE THEY COULDN’T SURVIVE HERE. STATES BECAUSE THEY COULDN’T SURVIVE HERE. WHO DO YOU KNOW THAT COULDN’T SURVIVE HERE. WHO DO YOU KNOW THAT WENT TO THE UNITED WHO DO YOU KNOW THAT WENT TO THE UNITED STATES? WENT TO THE UNITED STATES?>>MI PAPA. STATES?>>MI PAPA.>>PAPA.>>MI PAPA.>>PAPA.>>Reporter: A>>PAPA.>>Reporter: A FAMILIAR STORY FOR THE>>Reporter: A FAMILIAR STORY FOR THE TENS OF THOUSANDS OF FAMILIAR STORY FOR THE TENS OF THOUSANDS OF GUATEMALANS LEAVING ON TENS OF THOUSANDS OF GUATEMALANS LEAVING ON ROADS JUST LIKE THIS GUATEMALANS LEAVING ON ROADS JUST LIKE THIS TO THE UNITED STATES. ROADS JUST LIKE THIS TO THE UNITED STATES. SOURCES HERE ON THE TO THE UNITED STATES. SOURCES HERE ON THE GROUND IN GUATEMALA SOURCES HERE ON THE GROUND IN GUATEMALA CITY SAY THAT THE

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